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Accomplishment of Modern Times (1842~1949)

Medical-Cultural Exchanges between China and Western Countries

Since the continual spread of Western medicine, there was more contact between Chinese medicine and Western medicine.  Based on modern natural science, Western medicine brought new scientific knowledge into China.  Some medical specialists tried to analyze the advantages of each, and their difference by comparing the two systems.  Because of frequent use of Western medical therapies in clinics, medical experts had more understanding about internal miscellaneous diseases.
For example, Zhang Xichun, a famous physician of that time, advocated the theory of combining traditional Chinese medicine with Western medicine.  He proposed to give priority to Chinese medicine, as well as learn the strong points of Western medicine, to offset the weaknesses of Chinese medicine.  Baseed on both systems he developed new therapeutic methods.
Chinese medicine began to absorb good qualities from Western medicine, and integrated them into traditional orthopaedics and traumatology systems.  At that time, orthopaedic doctors in big cities like Shanghai began to use X-rays as much as possible in diagnosis.  This greatly promoted the diagnosis veracity in bone injuries.
 
 
 Zhang Xichun

Development of Qigong

During the developing process of qigong, we should pay attention to the method of meditation that had sprung up in the earlier years of the 20th century.  There came out many monographs related to meditation.  The most famous one was Yin Shi Zi Jing Zuo Fa (Yin Shi Zi's Meditation), written by Jiang Weiqiao.  By using physiology and psychology of Western medicine, the author probed into the mechanism of meditation.  Because it was an easy reading, this book was widespread among people.  Meditation has been introduced to the whole country and the world.

 
 Yin Shi Zi Jing Zuo Fa (Yin Shi Zi's Meditation)

Development of Various Clinical Fields

In the late stage of the Qing Dynasty (1368~1644), there came forth many famous medical specialists and tens and hundreds of monographs on acupuncture and moxibustion.  Academic societies dedicated to the education and research of acupuncture and founded many schools.
Along with the development of modern biology, pharmacology and other related disciplines, scientists of meteria medica began to pay attention to autoptical research of herbal plants.  One of the scientists who made great achievement is Wu Qijun(1789~1847).  He wrote the book named Zhi Wu Ming Shi Tu Kao (An Illustrated Book of Plants), in 22 volumes with 838 species of plants.
 
 
 Zhi Wu Ming Shi Tu Kao (An Illustrated Book of Plants)
 


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