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The Sui Dynasty, the Tang Dynasty, and the Five Dynasties (A.D.581~A.D.960)

Characteristics of Medicine

Development of Medical Theory and Practice
The Sui and Tang Dynasties (581~907) were the period of great prosperity for China's feudal society.  There were brisk thinking in medical science and frequent medical intercommunication at home and abroad.  During this period, former medical achievements had been reorganized, and effective experiences in formula and materia medica of different social layers, nations and nationalities had been assimilated.  All of these laid a new foundation for further development of medical theory and practice.
 
Development of Etiology and Symptomatology   
After the sixth century, medical specialists began to attach greater importance to the study of etiology and symptomatology.  Chao Yuanfang, an imperial court physician of the Sui dynasty (581~618) compiled Zhu Bing Yuan Hou Lun (Treatise on Causes and Symptoms of Diseases).  It recorded the causes and symptoms of various diseases, as well as their diagnostic standards and prognosis.
 
 
Chao Yuanfang
 
Consummation of the Medical Education System
During the Tang Dynasty (618~907), a relatively complete system of medical education had been formed.  More attention had been paid to the standardization and popularization of medical science, prevention, and curative knowledge.  Foreign students who had been enrolled in medical schools promoted the overall level of medical science greatly.  This laid a foundation for later medical education in schools.  The Tang government organized many physicians to compile Xin Xiu Ben Cao (Newly Compiled Materia Medica of Tang).  It was later published and introduced to all parts of the country by the government, and it became the new criterion of materia medica and was used as a textbook in medical schools.

 

 

 
  Xin Xiu Ben Cao (Newly Compiled Materia Medica of Tang)
 
Development of Medical Service Systems
During the Sui and Tang Dynasties (581~907), a relative integrated medical service system for the imperial family and higher officials had been established.  Local clinics and education institutes gradually became perfect.  Medical laws and rules were promulgated during this period.  Tang Lü Shu Yi (The Tang's Code) of the Tang Dynasty (618~907) is the earliest extant and most systemic feudal law literature.  There were many laws which covered medicine and hygiene.  All these laws protected the health of common people to some extent. 
 
 
 
 
Tang Lü Shu Yi (The Tang's Code)

 

 

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