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Manner of Administration

It is important to prescribe medicines specific for the illness, and proper methods of delivery is important too, so the desirable therapeutic effect can be obtained. The following is a brief introduction to the common manner of administration.

 

  

Taken warm:  Decoctions are usually taken warm, and common medications and tonics are taken in the same manner. 
Taken hot:  Decoctions that release the exterior, dispel cold or promote blood circulation are taken hot. 
Taken cold:  Decoctions that remove toxin, vomiting and clear heat are taken cold. 
Taken in a draught:  The medicine is taken in a draught to have its quick maximum effect.  It is especially true for severe conditions and gastrointestinal diseases. 
Taken frequently:  It means taking the medication several times a day or suck it, usually for throat problems. 
Taken with strained decoction:  If Lignum Aquilariae, Radix Aucklandiae, and Stigma Croci and aromatic substances are cooked longer, their effect is deprived, so they are usually put in a cup first, and then the hot decoction is poured in, let it stay for a while before taking.   
Taken after concoction: Cornu Saigae Tataricae, Calculus Bovis Artifactus and Radix Notoginseng are often ground into powder, which is concocted with certain amount of a decoction and/ or water, wine, vinegar, honey, cane sugar or others before taking.  
Taken with water: Pills, powders, special pills, extracts are taken with warm boiled water. Those that disperse cold are taken with light salt water, while those that activate blood circulation to relieve stagnation are taken with wine. The purpose is to obtain the maximum effect. 
 
Taken on an empty stomach: Decoctions of tonics should be taken in the morning on an empty stomach to permit the maximum absorption. Anthelmintics or those to treat circulatory disorders of the limbs are also taken in this way to allow the potency quickly to reach the intestines in a high concentration and effect.  
Taken before meals: It means to take the medication 30-60 minutes before meals, especially for deficiency in the liver and kidney, gastrointestinal diseases and sublumbar diseases.  
Taken after meals: It means to take the medication 15-30 minutes after meals, especially for disorders of the heart, lung, and those above the thoracic diaphragm, and those that irritate the alimentary tract, or some with a little poisoning, in case they be absorbed too soon to cause side effects. 
Taken before bedtime: It means to take the medication 15-30 minutes before going to bed at night. Those that tonify the heart and spleen, and sedatives and hypnotics are taken before bedtime. 
 

 

 

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